Battle will be stepped up this year to save the tiger

Tigers top WWF list of 10 important endangered species as biodiversity campaign is launched

Scientists and conservationists are to intensify their efforts this year to save one of Earth's most powerful, and threatened, creatures: the tiger.
Biologists have placed Panthera tigris at the top of a list of 10 key animals facing extinction, which should become the focus for major conservation efforts in 2010, they say.
"This year has been designated the International Year of Biodiversity by the United Nations and so we have created a list of 10 critically important endangered animals that we believe will need special monitoring over the next 12 months," said Diane Walkington, head of species programme for the WWF in the UK. Animals on the WWF list include the polar bear and the giant panda.
"This year will also be the Chinese Year of the Tiger, and so we have put it at the top of our list," added Walkington. "It will have special iconic importance."
Over the past century, the world's population of tigers has been reduced by 95% as a result of hunting and poaching for their body parts, which are used in traditional Asian medicine. There are only around 3,200 tigers left on the planet.
Of its nine main sub-species, three – the Bali, Caspian and Java tigers – are now extinct, while there has been no reliable siting of a fourth, the South China tiger, for 25 years. This leaves the Bengal, Amur, Indochinese, Sumatran and Malayan tigers, the numbers of which, with the exception of the Bengal and Indochinese, have been reduced to a few hundred per species.In recent years conservationists have achieved some noticeable success in halting the decline in tiger numbers. For example, they helped to halt hunting of the Amur tiger, which lives in eastern Russia. Its numbers had dropped to a few dozen. Today there are around 500 Amur tigers, thanks to conservation measures introduced by the Russian government.
"It showed we could help the tiger," said Walkington.
However, over the past two or three years, levels of poaching have risen again while habitat problems have added to the stress on tiger numbers.
For example, sea level rises – caused by climate change – are now threatening the mangrove homes of tigers in the Sunderbans regions of Bangladesh and India. Hence the international decision to redouble efforts to save the tiger this year. "Of course, there are thousands of other species on the endangered list," added Walkington. "However, there is particular importance in selecting a creature such as the tiger for special attention.
"To save the tiger, we have to save its habitat – which is also home to many other threatened species."So if we get things right and save the tiger, we will also save many other species at the same time."

Tiger Reserves in India

The Tiger Reserves in India is one of the projects undertaken by the wildlife lovers to protect the Indian tigers. The Tiger Reserves of India from the 70s have undertaken the job to protect the tigers and for this the Project Tiger and Wildlife Protection Act has been put into use. In order to save this predator from the harmful poachers the Tiger Reserves in India have taken up measures. The Project Tiger was launched in the year 1972 for the conservation of tigers. There are a number of tiger reserves enlisted under this project.

Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve:


Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve is one of the famous tiger reserves in India which is the ideal destination for wildlife buffs. Nestled amidst the Vindhyan Range near Jabalpur, Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve, M
adhya Pradesh is the home to a rich variety of flora and fauna.
One of the former hunting resorts of the Maharaja of Rewa, the Bandhavgarh National Park is the natural habitat for the elusive White Tigers of India. The White Tigers were first discovered in Rewa and are now a part of the Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh. Composed of rocky terrains, swampy grasslands and dense greenery of Sal forests, Bandhavgarh is the perfect place to watch the spotted predators. Apart from the tigers you can also see the Nilgai, Chausingha, Chital, Chinkara, Wild Boar and Jackals.
Apart from the tigers you can get a glimpse of the Nilgai, Chausingha, Chital, Chinkara, Langurs, Monkeys, Muntjac, Wild Boar and Jackals. Besides this there is also an abundance of reptiles and snakes.
Apart from the animals you can also find a vast array of avian species like Little Grebe, Egret, lesser Adjutant Sarus Crane, Black Ibis, Lesser Whistling Teal, White-eyed Buzzard, Black Kite, Crested Serpent Eagle, Black Vulture, Egyptian Vulture, Common Peafowl, Red Jungle Fowl, Dove, Parakeets, Kingfishers and Indian Rollers.
Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh not only allures people for its fierce tigers but even its green and beautiful forests and offers you a unique retreat which brings you close to nature.
On your tour to Madhya Pradesh take a trip to this wildlife sanctuary of Madhya Pradesh and spend a few days amidst the greenery and serenity of nature.

Bandipur Tiger Reserve:

Once the private game reserve of the Mysore ‘maharajas’ (rulers), the Bandipur Tiger Reserve was among the first nine Tiger Reserves formed in India at the launch of Project Tiger in 1973.

Located in the Mysore District of Karnataka, the reserve lies adjacent to the Nagarhole National Park, Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu and
Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala.
Three rivers flow through the main area of the Bandipur Tiger Resrve, Karnataka. Of these, the Nugu River flows through the middle, while the Moyar River forms the southern boundary between Bandipur and Mudumalai. The third river – Kabini, forms the boundary of Bandipur and Nagarhole Sanctuary. Numerous seasonal rivulets like Wadli, Chammanahalla, Aidasanahattihalla, Hebballa, Warranchi, Chippanahalla and Mavinahalla also flow through Bandipur Tiger Reserve.
Bandipur Tiger Reserve is teeming with rich and varied wildlife and some of the endemic and endangered species of animals spotted here include Tiger, Leopard, Elephant, Gaur, Sambar, Spotted deer, Sloth bear, Mousedeer, Wild dog, Four horned Antelope, Flying Squirrel, Nilgiri Langur, Panther, Crocodiles, Python, Osprey, Pea fowl, etc. The around 1,900-odd elephants at Bandipur Tiger Reserve, Karnataka, form one of the prominent attractions of the Sanctuary.
Dry deciduous scrub, Southern tropical/Dry deciduous & Southern Tropical Moist Mixed deciduous forests constitute the vegetation of the Bandipur Tiger Reserve in Karnataka.
There are some natural and artificial saltlicks available at Bandipur Tiger Reserve and these are happy hunting grounds of the wild animals inhabiting the forests. Bandipu r Sanctuary forms part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve – the first 'Biosphere Reserve' in India


Buxa Tiger Reserve

Buxa Tiger Reserve is nestled in the green foot hills of Dooars Himalayas just tucked near the border of India and Bhutan. Bordered by the Sinchula Range, Buxa Tiger Reserve, West Bengal is one of the beautiful wildlife sanctuaries in West Bengal.
Covered with the rich vegetation of Sal forests in the tropical evergreen forests of Buxa, the Tiger Reserve Project started in the year 1982-83. The Buxa Tiger Reserve, West Bengal was declared as a national park in the year 1992.Explore the tropical rainforests of Buxa Tiger Reserve in Buxa in West Bengal which has a rich variety of flora and fauna. From the colorful migratory birds to the fierce predators it is the home to a varied species of animals and unique plants.
Get a glimpse of the Asian Elephant, Tiger, Gaur, Wild boar, Sambar , Indian Tiger, Asian Elephant, Leopard cat, Leopard, Fishing Cat, Leopard Cat, Jungle Cat, Indian Civet, Palm Civet, Wild Dogs, Malayan Giant Squirrels, Mongooses, Bengal Florican, Regal python, Chinese Pangolin, Hispid hare, Hog deer. Many of the animals are endangered species while some are endemic to the region. Besides this there is also an abundance of reptiles and snakes. There are Monitor Lizards and Pythons. Enjoy breathtakingly beautiful views of this wildlife sanctuary of West Bengal on your tour to Buxa Tiger Reserve.
Apart from the animals you can also find a vast array of avian species like Goosanders, Ibis Bill, Fork-tails, Red-stars, Wag-tails, Common Teal, Gargani Teal, Large Whistling Teal, White Eyed Poachared and Hornbills. The forests are intersected by rivers and lakes and the Narathali Lake is the nesting grounds of these migratory birds.Buxa Tiger Reserve in West Bengal not only allures people for its fierce Royal Bengal tigers but even its green and beautiful Sal and teak forests, the warm and fun loving tribal people in the vicinity and offers you a unique retreat which brings you close to nature.
On your tour to West Bengal take a trip to this wildlife sanctuary of West Bengal and spend a few days amidst the greenery and serenity of nature.

Corbett Tiger Reserve

Having earlier been a part of Uttar Pradesh, the Corbett Tiger Reserve now comes under the newly formed state of Uttaranchal in India. A renowned Wildlife Sanctuary, Corbett is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna.

The Corbett Tiger Reserve, Uttaranchal boasts of the elite
distinction of being chosen as the venue for the inauguration of Project Tiger in India. The park featured among the nine Tiger Reserves created at the launch of the project. The rich biodiversity of the Reserve is largely attributed to the variety of habitat found here. The location of Corbett Tiger Reserve,Uttaranchal at the foothills of the Central Himalayas results in the abundance of both Himalayan and peninsular flora and fauna in the region.The Corbett Tiger Reserve was always renowned for the Tigers inhabiting the park. The park is a happy hunting ground for Tiger, as well as its preys including four kinds of Deer, Wild Boar and others. Leopards are a commonly found in the hilly terrain of Corbett Reserve. Other animals inhabiting the forests at Corbett Tiger Reserve, Uttaranchal are Elephant, Cheetal, Sambar, Langoor and Rhesus Monkey. Even reptiles like Indian Marsh Crocodiles Or Mugger, Gharials, King Cobra, Common Krait, Cobra, Russel, Python and Monitor Lizard can be spotted.
The Corbett Tiger Reserve is also very rich in avifauna. It has been recorded that over 585 species of native and migratory birds thrive in the region. The varieties include Peacock, Jungle Fowl, Partridges, Kaleej, Crow, Vulture, Parakeets, Laughing Thrush, Orioles, King Fishers, Drongo, Doves, Woodpeckers, Ducks, Teals, Storks, Cormorants and Seagulls.The vegetation at Corbett National Park comprises Northern Moist Deciduous, Northern Tropical Dry Deciduous, and Himalayan Subtropical Pine Forests. The trees commonly found include Sal, Khair, Sissoo, Ber, Kuthber, Bel, Chbilla, Dhak, Semal, Khingan, Kharpat, Rohini, Bakli, Pula and Bamboo.

Dudhwa Tiger Reserve

Dudhwa Tiger Reserve located on the Indo Nepal border is one of the beautiful wildlife destinations of India. Located in the Lakshmipur Kheri district of Uttar Pradesh, Dudhwa Tiger Reserve, Uttar Pradesh is covered with swamps and marshes which make it the home of Barasinghas or the Swamp Deers.
Explore a Terai eco system on the banks of Suheli River in Dudhwa Tiger Reserve in Uttar Pradesh which has a rich variety of flora and fauna.
From the colorful migratory birds to the fierce predators it is the home to a varied species of animals and unique plants.Get a glimpse of the one horned Rhinos, leopards, sloth bear, jackal, wild pig and the lesser cats - the fishing cat, leopard cat, jungle cat and civet. Many of the animals are endangered species while some are endemic to the region. Besides this there is also an abundance of reptiles and snakes. Enjoy breathtakingly beautiful views of this wildlife sanctuary of Uttar Pradesh on your tour to Dudhwa Tiger Reserve.
Apart from the animals you can also find a vast array of avian species which are different varieties of owls and storks. You can also get to see woodpeckers, orioles, pittas, kingfishers, minivets and sunbirds. There are 350 species of avian population. The forests are intersected by rivers and lakes and rivulets.
Dudhwa Tiger Reserve, Uttar Pradesh not only allures people for its fierce tigers but even its green and beautiful riverine forests and offers you a unique retreat which brings you close to nature.On your tour to Uttar Pradesh take a trip to this wildlife sanctuary of Uttar Pradesh and spend a few days amidst the greenery and serenity of nature.

Kanha Tiger Reserve

The Kanha Tiger Reserve occupying parts of theMandla and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh, is located in the Maikal hills of the Satpura Ranges. Renowned worldwide for its rich floral and faunal bounty, Kanha is acclaimed as one of the finest national parks in Asia. Kanha Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh is a sanctuary boasting of abundant and varied wildlife in its most natural setting. Kanha attained the status of a National Park in 1955, and forms the core of the Kanha Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh created in 1974 under Project Tiger.The river-valley basins, open parkland meadows and grasslands at Kanha form the perfect grazing ground for a wide variety of wild animals.
The most popular draw for tourists visiting Kanha Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh is undoubtedly – the TIGER. Kanha is the perfect place to spot this ferocious beast, roaming freely in the wilderness of its natural habitat. There are several Tiger Reserves in India, but nowhere can you see tigers as often, and as regularly as in Kanha National Park.
The wildlife spotted at Kanha Tiger Reserve include Leopards, Dholes (Indian wild dog), Indian Bisons, Sambar, Chital, Barking Deer, Black Buck, Chausingha, Nilgai, Monkeys, Mongoose, Mouse Deer, Sloth Bear, Jackal, Porcupine, Hyena, Jungle Cat, Hare, Rock Pythons, and a host of other animals. The park is the only habitat of the near-extinct hard-ground Swamp Deer (‘Barasingha’), and with a little luck, you can even spot this rare species.
Wildlife in Kanha Tiger Reserve also comprises of a wide variety of birds, making the park a much sought-after destination for bird-watchers and ornithologists. Some of the birds spotted commonly are Pea fowls, Storks, Pond Herons, Egrets, Peacock, Partridges, spotted Parakeets, Green Pigeons, Cuckoos, Drongos, etc.

Panna Tiger Reserve

Located centrally on the map of India in Madhya Pradesh, the Panna Tiger Reserve is one of the best in the coun try and most po pul arly visited. Panna is situated in the Vindhyan hill range and spreads over Panna and Chhtarpur districts in the northern part of Madhya Pradesh. Panna is famous for the tigers, the wild cats and the leopards that roam its territories. One of the most significant ecological aspects of the Reserve is that the district Panna makes the northern most boundary of natural distribution of teak and the easter n limits of teak-kardhai mixed forests. Formerly, Panna formed the hunting preserves of the erstwhile rulers of Panna, Chhatarpur and Bijawar princely states.
The Panna Tiger Reserve spreads over 543 sq km.Panna Tiger Reserve was created in 1981 and was declared a Project Tiger Reserve in 1994, being the 22nd in the country and fifth in the state. The Panna Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh consists of areas from the former Gangau Wildlife Sanctuary created in 1975.

Flora and Fauna in Panna
The forest types in Panna are mostly Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Dry Teak Forest, Northern Tropical Dry Deciduous Mixed Forest and Dry Deciduous Scrub Forest. The wildlife in Panna can be largely classified as the following:

Mammals : Tiger, Jungle Cat, Leopard, Hyena, Wild Dog, Wolf, Sloth Bear, Sambar, Spotted Deer or Chital, Blue Bull or Nilgai, Chinkara, Fourhorned Antelope or Chausinga, Porcupine, Jungle Cat, Rusty Spotted Cat, Hare, Ratel and Tree shrew.
Avifauna : Over 200 species have been identified, which include a host of winter migratory birds.
Reptiles : Long Snouted Crocodile (gharial) and Marsh Crocodile (mugger) are found in the Ken river.

Pench Tiger Reserve

Pench Tiger Reserve is one of the beautiful wildlife destinations of Western India. Famous as the setting for Rudyard Kipling’s Jungle Book, Pench Tiger Reserve, Maharashtra is the ideal destination for its rich variety of flora and fauna. Nestled amidst the sprawling greenery covering both Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, it is one of the major tourist attractions.
Get a glimpse of the one horned gaur, Sambhar, Chinkara, Chitals, blue bulls, macaque, langur, wild boar, bears and wild dogs, deers and leopards, tigers and civets. Many of the animals are endangered species while some are endemic to the region. Besides this there is also an abundance of reptiles and snakes. Enjoy breathtakingly beautiful views of this wildlife sanctuary of Maharashtra on your tour to Pench Tiger Reserve.
Apart from the animals you can also find a vast array of avian species like Peafowl, Red jungle fowl, Crow pheasant, Crimson breasted barbet, Red vented bulbul, Racket tailed drongo and Magpie robin and lesser whistling teal. There are 210 species of avian population. The forests of Pench are intersected by rivers and lakes and rivulets.
Pench Tiger Reserve in Maharashtra not only allures people for its fierce tigers but even its green and beautiful riverine forests and offers you a unique retreat which brings you close to nature.
On your tour to Maharashtra take a trip to this wildlife sanctuary of Maharashtra and spend a few days amidst the greenery and serenity of nature.

Periyar Tiger Reserve

Set high in the mountains of the Western Ghats at the border to Tamil Nadu, the Periyar Tiger Reserve ranks as one of the major tiger reserves in India. Lying in Idukki District of the Kerala state, Periyar is a repository of natural beauty – replete with great scenic charm and rich bio diversity.
Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kerala is spread over a wide expanse of about 780 sq. km. along the river Periyar, and the Sanctuary was declared a Tiger Reserve in the year 1978, with the aim to saving the endangered species of tiger in the country. A treasure-house of rare, endemic and endangered flora and fauna, Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary forms the major watershed of the rivers Periyar and Pamba in Kerala.
Teeming with rich and diverse wildlife, Periyar Tiger Reserve is one of the most captivating wildlife sanctuaries in the world. The Reserve is reportedly home to about 49 species of mammals, 265 species of birds, 36 species of reptiles, 12 species of amphibians, 35 species of fishes and 160 species of butterflies. The lush green forest at Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kerala has a beautiful lake right at the center, which meanders along the contours of the wooded slopes, serving as a perennial source of water for the wildlife population.
The population of tigers at Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kerala is on the rise and they are found in all types of habitats even if the density is much less in the evergreen forests. Though Periyar is titled a Tiger Reserve, spotting one is difficult here, because of the thick vegetation.
Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary is prime elephant country and you can witness herds of playful elephants roaming freely or bathing and swimming at the Periyar Lake. Other animals commonly spotted at Periyar include Gaur (Indian bison), Sambar, Leopard, Wild Dog, Barking Deer, Lion Tailed Macaque, Nilgiri Langur, etc. Elusive species like Nilgiri tahrs (a kind of a wild goat) also form an integral part of the attractions in Periyar Tiger Reserve in Kerala.
The Sanctuary at Periyar is also home to several species of birds like Cormorants, Darters, Kingfishers, great Malabar Hornbill and racket-tailed Drongos. The reptiles frequenting the Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kerala include Monitor Lizards, Python and Cobra.
The perfect way to explore Periyar Tiger Reserve is through motorboat cruises on the lake or from watchtowers. One can even enjoy a ride on the elephant back and watch the enchanting wildlife from close quarters.

Ranthambore Tiger Reserve

Ranthambore Tiger Reserve is one of the famous tiger reserves in India which is the ideal destination for wildlife buffs. The Ranthambore Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan situated amidst the Vindhyan Range and the Aravallis was primarily the hunting resort of the erstwhile Jaipur royalty.
Nestled amidst the sprawling greenery and acres of dense woodlands, Ranthambore Tiger Reserve in Rajasthan is the home of the ferocious predators. Famous for its population of tigers, Ranthambore is the ideal destination for photographers who wish to click a few snapshots of the spotted predators of this National Park in India. There are around 36 tigers and 40 leopards in the Ranthambore Forests. Bakaula, Lakarda, Nal Ghati, Semli, Anantpura and Kachida are the most popular spots in Ranthambore from where you can watch these predators in action.
Apart from the tigers you can get a glimpse of the Sambar, Chital, Nilgai, Gazzelle, Boars, Mongoose and Indian Hare. Besides this there is also an abundance of reptiles and snakes. You can see the Monitor Lizards in the forests of Ranthambore in Rajasthan. Enjoy breathtakingly beautiful views of this wildlife sanctuary of Rajasthan on your tour to Ranthambore Tiger Reserve.
Apart from the animals you can also find a vast array of avian species like treepies, babblers, woodpeckers, parakeets, lapwings, partridges and the Indian Peafowl. The forests of Ranthambore are intersected by rivers and lakes and rivulets.
Ranthambore Tiger Reserve not only allures people for its fierce tigers but even its green and beautiful forests and offers you a unique retreat which brings you close to nature.
On your tour to Rajasthan take a trip to this wildlife sanctuary of Rajasthan and spend a few days amidst the greenery and serenity of nature.

Sariska Tiger Reserve

The Sariska Tiger Reserve is a renowned Wildlife Sanctuary situated among the Aravalli hills in the Alwar district of Rajasthan state. One of the most visited parks in India - Sariska National Park was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1958 and came under the "Project Tiger" as a tiger reserve in 1979. Tourists flock to the reserve in large numbers as the region is easily accessible from major cities like Delhi and Jaipur.
Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan occupies a total area of about 800 sq. km, with the core area being approximately 500 sq. km. The Northern Aravali Hills form an enchanting backdrop, featuring sharp cliffs and long valleys.
The abundant occurrence of a wide variety of wildlife at Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan is an excellent example of ecological adoption and tolerance, for the climate here is variable and erratic.
Sariska is prime tiger country, with the terrain chiefly comprising of undulating plateau lands and wide valleys. The topography of Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan supports scrub-thorn arid forests, dry deciduous forests, rocks and grasses. The flora growing at the park includes Dhok – found predominantly in the region, Bamboo, Boswellia serreta, Lannea coromandelica, Kattha and a host of other varieties.
Besides tiger, the Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan is home to an enchanting variety of fauna, namely Spotted Deer, Sambar, Blue Bull, Tiger, Leopard, Caracal, Rusty Spotted Cat, Jungle Cat, Four-horned Antelope, Wild Boar, Jackal, Hyena, and others. Sariska is also well known as the habitat of Rhesus Monkeys, which are commonly found around Talvriksh.Avifauna at Sariska park include Peafowl, Grey Partridge, Bush Quail, Sand Grouse, Tree Pie, Golden backed Woodpecker, crested Serpent Eagle and The Great Indian horned Owl.
During mornings and evenings, the wild beasts in Sariska Tiger Reserve are known to head towards the numerous water holes lying scattered throughout the park. These times provide the best chances for visitors to spot rare wildlife from close quarters.

Sunderbans Tiger Reserve

The world’s largest delta and mangrove swamp – Sunderbans Tiger Reserve, West Bengal is formed by the confluence of the rivers Ganga, Brahmaputra and Meghna. Sprawled over an area of 2,585 sq. km, Sunderbans is the largest estuarine sanctuary in the world, and home to some of India’s most interesting wildlife.
The littoral forest at Sunderbans Tiger Reserve, West Bengal marks the only ecological habitat of the tiger of its kind not only in India, but also in the world except in Bangladesh. The forests at Sunderbans house a wide variety of trees typically thriving in estuarine conditions of high salinity, lack of soil erosion and regular inundation by high tides. The tidal forms and mangrove forests in Sunderbans Tiger Reserve provide habitats suitable for animals inhabiting tidal swamp areas. Several aquatic and semi-aquatic animals inhabit these forests and their life-systems are inter-related with the animals inhabiting the land areas.
Sprawled over a vast expanse of densely forested islands and saline water bodies, Sunderbans Tiger Reserve, West Bengal is home to an enchanting variety of Wild animals including spotted deer, wild pigs, monkeys, herons, kingfishers, white bellied eagles and about 270 Royal Bengal Tigers.
The tigers of Sunderbans Tiger Reserve, West Bengal are known to be mostly man-eaters. The uniqueness of the habitat and the lack of suitable prey are believed to have contributed to such unique behavioral trends of Sunderbans tiger. The man-eating trait is considered to have been hereditarily acquired over a period of generations in the process of consumption of saline water.
The forests at Sunderbans Tiger Reserve also provide habitations to the Estuarine Crocodile, Salvator Lizard (Water Monitor), River Terrapin and Horse Shoe or King Crab. Endangered marine turtles like Olive Ridley, Green Turtle and Hawk's Bill Turtles are also found here. A number of Trans-Himalayan migratory birds can also be spotted at Sunderbans Tiger Reserve, West Bengal.



Nagarjunsagar Tiger Reserve

The Nagarjunsagar Tiger Reserve is the largest Tiger Reserve in India. It sprawls over an area of 3568 sq km and covers over five districts of central Andhra Pradesh. The sanctuary lies in the catchments area of the Krishna River in the state, and nestled in the Nallamalai Hill ranges.
Nagarjunsagar Tiger Reserve is one of the Project Tiger Reserves in India. The prime purpose of forming the Nagarjunsagar Tiger Reserve was protection and conservation of tigers. The sanctuary was declared a Tiger Reserve in the year 1983.
The land vegetation of Nagarjunsagar Tiger Reserve is tropical dry deciduous forest. There is a variety of flora here that includes rare plants like Niebuhria apetala, Cissus vitiginea, Ziziphus xylopyrus, and Pterolobium indicum. Besides the dry deciduous forest, you can witness anything from plain vegetation to scrub jungle to thorn forest in the sanctuary.
There are a plethora of animals and birds at Nagarjunsagar Tiger Reserve in Andhra Pradesh. Fauna includes animals like tiger, leopard, jungle cat, wild dog, wolf, jackal, Bengal fox, sloth bear, four-horned antelope, sambar, spotted deer, nilgai, blackbuck, chinkara, Indian pangolin, etc. The sanctuary is also home to nearly 150 species of avifauna such as the grey hornbill and the peafowl. Among the reptiles, you may view the Indian soft-shelled turtle, Indian python, monitor lizard, and marsh crocodile at the sanctuary.
You can reach Nagarjunsagar wildlife sanctuary in comfortably by air, rail, and road. The nearest airport is at Hyderabad, 316 km away from Srisailam. An extensive network of rail and road connects the sanctuary to all parts of the state.
During your visit to Nagarjunsagar Tiger Reserve in Andhra Pradesh, you can enjoy a comfortable stay at the three forest rest houses/temple cottages present in the forest area. The prevailing climate of this region is hot and dry. Hence, the sanctuary should be ideally visited in the winter season, when the climate remains pleasant.

Manas Tiger Reserve

The Manas Tiger Reserve is nestled on the northern bank of River Brahmaputra. The sanctuary sprawls over the districts of Kokrajhar, Bongaigaon, Barpeta, Nalbari, Kamrup and Darrang. The core-zone of the Reserve is the Manas National Park, while the rest is a collection of 18 Reserved Forests interspersed by revenue villages.
Manas Tiger Reserve in Assam is one of the Project Tiger Reserves in India. The prime purpose of forming the Manas Tiger Reserve was protection and conservation of tigers. The sanctuary was created in the year 1973, the time when Project Tiger was set up in India. It is also the ideal habitat for the 21 recorded endangered species of mammals like Hog deer, Sambar, Swamp deer, Asiatic wild buffalo and Gaur.
Manas Tiger Reserve in Assam is home to several species of flora such as Shorea robusta, Artocarpus Chaplasha, Bombax ceiba, Careya arborea, Chukrasia tabularis, Dillenia pentagyna, Lagestroemia parviflora, etc. There are also rare plants like Reinwardia indica, Desmoduim motoruim, Biden pilore, Exacum teres, Pygmaeoprema herbacea, etc identified in the sanctuary.
There are a plethora of animals at Manas Tiger Reserve in Assam. The main faunal species that you can witness at the sanctuary are Tiger, capped Langoor, Black Panther, Assamese Macaque, Rhesus Macaque, Large Indian Civet, Himalayan Palm Civet, Common Mongoose, Small Indian Mongoose, Jackal, Indian Fox, Leopard Cat, Golden Cat, Asian Elephant, Indian Pangolin, one-horned rhinoceros, etc.
During your visit to the Manas Tiger Reserve , you can enjoy a comfortable stay at the various hotels near the sanctuary. The best time to visit the sanctuary is between the months of November and April.
You can reach Manas Tiger Reserve conveniently by air, rail, and road. The nearest airport is 5 km away at Borjhar, while the closest railhead is located at Barpeta road. An extensive network of roads connects the sanctuary to different parts of the state.

Valmiki Tiger Reserve

The Valmiki Tiger Reserve is positioned in the northern most part of the West Champaran district of the state. Dotted with steep ravines, sharp ridges and vertical walls, the sanctuary is marked by broken, undulating, and highly fragile geological formations.
Valmiki Tiger Reserve in Bihar is one of the Project Tiger Reserves in India. The prime purpose of forming the Valmiki Tiger Reserve was the protection and conservation of tigers. The sanctuary was set up in the year 1990 as the 18th Tiger Reserve of the country and second in Bihar.
Valmiki Tiger Reserve is home to several species of flora such as Sal, Asan, Karama, Semal, Khair, Cane, Jamun, Siccharrum, Mahulan, Piper, and Lagun. Major forest types existing in the sanctuary are Sal forests, West Gangetic Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest, Eastern Wet Alluvial Grassland, Barringtonia Swamp Forest, etc
There is a plethora of animals at Valmiki Tiger Reserve . Apart from the Tiger, the faunal species include the Leopard, Fishing Cat, Leopard Cat, Spotted Deer, Sambar, Hog Deer, Black Buck, Gaur, wolf, serow, hyenas, Indian civets, Jungle cats, wild dogs Sloth Bear, langoor, Rhesus Macaque, etc. You will also come across birds like the peafowl and reptiles like the python at the sanctuary.
During your visit to the Valmiki Tiger Reserve you can enjoy a comfortable stay at the various hotels near the sanctuary. You can reach the sanctuary conveniently by air, rail, and road. The nearest airport is 295 km away at Patna, while Valmiki Nagar (5 km) is the closest railhead. From Valmiki Nagar, you can avail of buses to reach the nearest town Bettiah (80 km).

Tadoba Tiger Reserve

The Tadoba Tiger Reserve renowned for its natural heritage, is gifted with rich biodiversity. Sprawling over an area of 625.40 sq km, this distinctive eco-system is positioned in the Chandrapur district of Maharashtra.
Tadoba Tiger Reserve in Maharashtra is one of the Project Tiger Reserves in India. The prime purpose of forming the Tadoba Tiger Reserve was protection and conservation of tigers. The sanctuary, set up in the year 1995, is the second Tiger Reserve in Maharashtra.
The land vegetation of Tadoba Tiger Reserve is Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest. The sanctuary is home to several species of flora such as Teak, Ain, Bija, Dhauda, Haldu, Salai, Semal, Tendu and bamboo.
There are a plethora of animals at Tadoba Tiger Reserve in Maharashtra. Apart from tiger, the various species of fauna spotted in the sanctuary are Leopard, Sloth Bear, Gaur, Rusty Spotted Cat, Ratel, Indian mouse deer, Spotted deer, Sambar, Wild Boar, Four-horned antelope, Wild dog, Flying Squirrel, etc.
During your visit to the Tadoba Tiger Reserve you can enjoy a comfortable stay at the Rest houses, Guest house, Holiday home and a Youth hostel near the sanctuary. The best time to visit the sanctuary is between the months of November and February.
You can reach the Tadoba Tiger Reserve conveniently by air, rail, and road. The nearest airport is 205 km away at Nagpur, while the closest railhead is Chandrapur (45 km). You can also avail of State transport buses from Chandrapur to reach the sanctuary.

Melghat Tiger Reserve

Melghat Tiger Reserve is one of the famous tiger reserves in India which is the ideal destination for wildlife buffs. Nestled amidst the green and rough terrains of the Satpuras on the Gavilgarh Hill, Melghat Tiger Reserve allures wildlife lovers from all over.
Declared as a Tiger Reserve in the year 1974, Melghat Tiger Reserve Madhya Pradesh is one of the most unique wildlife sanctuaries of India. The rough terrains and ravines give it a natural protection from the poachers. Spread over 1677 sq kms, the Melghat Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh is the home to a rich variety of flora and fauna and even the majestic predators of the jungle the tigers.
River Tapi flows through the northern end of this Tiger Reserve of Madhya Pradesh and this forest even falls in the catchment area of rivers. Acres of tropical dry deciduous forests of Melghat in Madhya Pradesh are also the home of Gaurs or Indian Bisons, monkeys, sloth bears and flying squirrels.
Best Time to Visit Melghat Tiger Reserve, Madhya Pradesh: The Melghat Wildlife Sanctuary remains open from October to June but safaris are only allowed from December to June and there are greater chances of sighting the tigers during the summer seasons.
Best Time to Visit Melghat Tiger Reserve : The Melghat Wildlife Sanctuary remains open from October to June but safaris are only allowed from December to June and there are greater chances of sighting the tigers during the summer seasons.



Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve

Tadhoba Andhari Tiger reserve is located in Chandrapur district in the Vidharba region of eastern Maharashtra. It is 142 km south east of Nagpur and 45 km north of Chandrapur.This reserve is located in the centre of India. It became national park in 1955 and notified in 1986. It was declared as tiger reserve in 1995.It is named after temple near Tadoba lake dedicated to the local Gond warrior Taru who died fighting a tiger. There are six villages still inside the reserve and numerous villages surrounding the park.
Tadhoba is a southern tropical dry deciduous forest of Deccan Peninsula. There are teak forests with bamboo thickets and other indigenous trees like mahua, ain, dhawda, tenndu and jamun.It is a well managed park with full protection for the animals. It covers the hilly area of Chimur Hills. Tadoba Lake at the central of the reserve is a perennial water source for the region.
There are 195 species of birds including crested serpent eagle, honey buzzard, paradise fly catcher. The mammals include tigers, panther, bear, small Indian civet, palm civet, wild dog etc. There are more than 70 varieties of spiders and butterflies including other insects. Tadoba's biggest offer are the frequent and diverse wildlife sightings which is every wild lifer's dream.

Bandipur Mudumalai National Park

Along the Mysore-Ooty Highway at the foothills of the Nilgiris lies India's best elephant country. The Bandipur National Park (Karnataka) and the Mudumalai wildlife sanctuary (TamilNadu) are administered separately yet form the component of a single spectacular ecological continuum that also includes Nagarhole (Karnataka) and Wayanad (in Kerala).
Bandipur and Mudumalai are located in the lower reaches of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve which is part of the Western Ghats biodiversity hotspot.The reserve was expanded to 874 sq km in 1973 to become Bandipur National park and Tiger Reserve. The Mudumalai Sanctuary was set up in 1940 .It has the distinction of being the first sanctuary in Southern India. Covering a stretch of 60 sq km initially the sanctuary was expanded to 295 sq km by 1956and thereafter to its present size of 321 sq.km.
This area receives two monsoons: the south-west (Jun-Sep) and north-east (Oct-Nov).A brief cool dry season (Dec-Jan) is followed by summer (Feb-May).This region has a moderate climate all year round and can be visited in any season. Wildlife sightings are fewer in summer compared to other seasons.
Both Bnadipur and Mudumalai attract tourism as the forest dept has trekking routes inside the parks and organizes safaris as well. Rides into the parks on especially laid-out dirt roads called game-roads which usually pass along the grazing areas, salt licks and water holes offer stunning views of wildlife. Most of the animals like deer, gaur, elephant and langur can be seen from close quarters. Short jungle rides on elephant back are available at Bandipur in the morning and evening. One can see Theppakadu elephant camp at Mudumalai which has as many 25 elephants. They work in the forest, log timber and do other forest activities.
Moyar Gorge or Mysore Ditch is located at the Bandipur side of the forest .The watch tower offers beautiful view of the gorge and the Moyar Falls. The Sigur Plateau on the Tamil Nadu side has extensive scrub and bamboo forests. One can also admire incredible views at Bison Valley Viewpoint on the Mysore-Ooty Road.
The Park has cheetal, langur, gaur and elephants which are frequently sighted. The wild dog is the more visible predator. Though sightings of tiger and leopards are not frequent, evidence of their pugmarks and droppings is common. The park is also home to 250 species of birds, including the Malabar pied hornbill, heart-spotted woodpecker and trogon.

Namdapha National Park

The eastern-most Tiger Reserve in the country, Namdapha National Park lies in the Eastern Himalayas, adjacent to the Myanmar border in the North-East. An unpredictable place which is why a visit there is an experience of a life-time.Namdapha Tiger Reserve is spread almost on 2000 sq km of mainly uninhabited tropical forest and contains habitats from riverbanks to the snow-covered peaks of Daphabum.It is home to all the four species of large cats- the tiger, the leopard, the clouded leopard and the snow leopard. It started as a Reserve Forest and was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1972.In 1983 it was declared a National park and a tiger reserve under the Project Tiger scheme.
Some tribes Lisus, Singphos, Khamptis and Tangsas live in the vicinity of the reserve. At least 90 mammal species including tiger, leopard, wild boar, wild dog, macaque, and gibbon are found in the park. The leaf deer world's smallest deer that stands just 20 inches at the shoulder and weighs about 12kg is the recent discovery in the region. At least 400 bird species including white winged wood duck, Blyth's kingfisher, Austen's spotted babbler, wedge-billed wren, rusty-bellied short wing, white -tailed eagle and scarlet finch are most prominent. The area is famous for snakes and amphibians with over 70 species.
An Inner Line Permit is required for all Indians to enter the state. Foreigners require Restricted Area Permit which can be obtained from Indian Embassy/consulates abroad, the Home Ministry or the Home Commissioner, Government of Arunchal Pradesh.The most common entry to the park is from the M'pen Checkpost about 11 km away.The tourist accommodation are located across the river from each other at Deban 28 km from Miao.Campsites are established at Halidibari, Hornbill, Bulbulia and Rani Jheel inside. The other access point is through the Lisu Village at Gandhigram.

Kaziranga National Park

Kaziranga National Park, the oldest in Assam lies partly in Golaghat District and partly in Nagaon District of Assam. It covers an area of 430 Sq. Km. IT is the best home of the Great Indian one horned rhinoceros. The landscape of Kaziranga is of sheer forest, tall elephant grass, rugged reeds, marshes & shallow pools. Kaziranga has been declared as National Park in 1974.Kaziranga National Park is one of the most famous wildlife reserves of India. This Park was first established in the year 1908 and subsequently declared a National park in the year 1974. In 1908, the park had only about a dozen Rhinos.
Kaziranga National Park lies on the south banks of the mighty Brahmaputra river and its boundary for the most part follows the Mora Diphlu river and runs parallel to the N.H-37. The park covers an area of 688 sq.kms. Kaziranga is famous for the great One Horned Rhinos.
Mihimukh is the starting point for the park and Elephants can be hired from here to enter the park. Jeep safaris and early morning Elephant rides is arranged at the Government Tourist Centre.


Wild Life in Kaziranga National Park:

The famous One Horned Rhinos. The park also have other animals like the Bengal Tiger, Wild Buffalo, Swamp Deer, Hog Deer, Wild Boar, Hoolok Gibbon, Capped Langur and Badger (Ratel).a wide varieties of Snakes including the Rock Python and the Monitor Lizard are found in this park.. Amongst the Birds, the Crested Serpent Eagle, Palla’s Fishing Eagle and Grey Headed Fishing Eagle,Great Adjutant Stork,Crane, Bengal Floricab, Bar-Headed Goose, Whistling Teal and Pelican are commonly seen.

Kalakkadu Wildlife Sanctuary

Kalakkadu Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in an area of 223sq.kms all in the Tirunelveli district. The flora range from forests of tropical wet evergreen to tropical dry deciduous and thorn forests.
Lion-tailed macaque,nilgiri langur,bonnet macaque and common langur,Nilgiri tahr,sambar,sloth bear,gaur,elephant,tiger,flying squirrel,panther,wild dog, pangolin are some of the wildlife seen in the sanctuary.
Besides a wide range of birds and reptiles can be seen. This sanctuary is situated in an extensive preserve declared as a Project Tiger Reserve.

Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary

Annamalai Sanctuary, Coimbatore, India is one of the most striking preserves of nature in the State of Tamil Nadu. It is also popular by the name of India Gandhi national Park. Situated in the Western Ghats close to Pollachi, Annamalai Sanctuary of Coimbatore is about 90 kms away from Coimbatore. This wildlife sanctuary stretches across nearly 958-square kms of terrain. The Annamalai Sanctuary in Coimbatore is nothing short of an ecological heaven.
Annamalai Sanctuary, Coimbatore is easily accessible via road, rail and air. Regular bus service is available from Palani and Coimbatore to Pollachi, which is closest to the sanctuary. Two buses ply a day from Pollachi that would take you to the Annamalai Sanctuary at Coimbatore. You may also hire taxis from Pollachi for the purpose. Rail travelers can also make Pollachi their target as trains link this place to Dindigul and Coimbatore. Air travelers would do well to remember that the nearest airport is the Peelamedu airport, 10 kms away from the city of Coimbatore.
Coimbatore Annamalai Sanctuary houses a variety of fauna like Elephant, Panther, Gaur, Sloth Bear, Wild Bear, Porcupine, Tiger, Deer, Wild Dog, Jackal, Civet Cat, Flying Squirrel, Pangolin in addition to birds like Red Tree Pie, Rocket-tailed Drongo, Spotted Dove, Whiskered Bulbul, Pigeon, Black Headed Oriole etc. Annamalai Sanctuary in Coimbatore has a reservoir too (called the Amaravati reservoir) which contains several crocodiles.
Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary offers numerous places of enchanting scenic beauty. Some of them like the Grass hills, Anaikunthi Shola, groves, Karianshola, waterfalls, reservoirs and dams, teak forests etc draw huge footfalls. You may also avail of arrangements like the van or elephant back to explore this sanctuary.Travelers coming to Annamalai Wildlife Sanctuary are advised to carry dull-colored clothes that are easy-to-wear. Some other things that should be an integral part of their baggage consist of cotton socks, torch, insect repellants, a pair of canvas shoes/sneakers, leech lotions, headgear and anti- sunscreen.

Wild Life in Anamalai Wildlife Sanctuary:

This sanctuary is home to animals like lion-tailed macaque, bonnet macaque, common langur, Nilgris langur, Malabar giant squirrel and grizzled giant squirrel. Other animals are tiger,panther,elephant,gaur,pangolin,sambar,spotted dear, barking deer, mouse deer, wild boar,dhole,sloth bear,porcupine,Nilgiri tahr,civet car and toddy cat. It also includes avi-fauna like the racket-tailed drongo, black headed oriole, paradise catcher, whistling thrush, emerald dove, green pigeon, Tickell’s flower peckar, rutus woodpecker, rose-winged parakeet, black eagle, great Indian Malabar pied hornbill, fairy bluebird and green-billed malkhoha etc.An ecological paradise, covering an area of 108 sq.kms this hill forest boasts of thick growth of trees, folds of terrain with evergreen shoals. About 800 species out of 2000 south Indian flora are distributed here.

Rajaji National Park

Rajaji National Park is distinct for its pristine scenic beauty and rich bio-diversity. A paradise for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts, the wildlife of the park is blessed with elephants, tigers, leopards, deers and ghorals as its best known life forms. Three sancturies in the Uttaranchal, Shivaliks - Rajaji, Motichur and Chila were amalgamated into a large protected area and named Rajaji National Park in the year 1983 after the famous freedom fighter Late Sri C. Rajgopalachari; popularly known as "Rajaji"The Park spans over an area of 820sq. Km which includes Rajaji, Motichur and Chilla wildlife sanctuaries, parts of Dehradun, Siwalik and Lansdowne Forest Divisions. These three sanctuaries were amalgamated in 1983 to Rajaji National Park, named after the Late Raja Gopal Chariya. The majestic Ganges flows through the National Park for a distance of 24km, besides the innumerable streams and brooks making it rich and diverse. It offers ample opportunities to nature lovers to enjoy the captivating landscape and wildlife.
Rajaji is thickly foliated predominantly by the Sal Forest and a number of other forest types which include the Western Gangetic Moist and Northern dry Deciduous and Khair-Sissoo forests. Low Alluvial Savannah Woodlands cover the drier southern margins of the park, in contrast to the Siwalik Chir-Pine on the high reaches of the hills.
The park is home to the Cheetal, hog deer, barking deer, Sambar deer, wild boar, antelopes such as the Nilgai, Goral and of course the Asian Elephant.
. This area is the North Western Limit of Asian elephants. Spread over an area of 820.42 sq km, Rajaji is a magnificient ecosystem nestled in the Shivalik ranges and the beginning of the vast Indo–Gangetic plains, thus representing vegetation of several distinct zones and forest types like sal forests, reverine forests, board–leaved mixed forests, scrubland and grassy. It posseses as many as 23 species of mammals and 315 bird species.The abundance of nature’s bounties heaped in and around this park, are bound to attract a large number of wildlife conservationalists, nature lovers and eco-friends to visit this most breathtaking wilderness area.Rajaji National Park is situated along the hills and foothills of Shivalik ranges in the Himalayan foothills and represents the Shivalik eco-system. On the map it is located between Haridwar (Latitude 290 56’ 40”) and Dehradun (Latitude 300 20’ North) and 790 80’ E Longitude (Dehradun 780 01’ 15” E (Ramgarh), Chillawali- 770 54’ 30” East).

Nandankanan Biological Park

Nandankanan Biological Park is one of the finest large Zoo of India located amidst a beautiful natural setting. Unlike conventional zoos, it spreads over vast 4.00 Sq.Km of undulating topography with natural moist deciduous forest, water bodies and other natural features that provides the zoo inhabitants an appropriate ambience to live in harmony with the nature. It was dedicated to the public on 29th December 1960. It is having a state of art Aquarium and a Botanical garden as an integral part of it. More than 1.6 million visitors visit the zoo every year. There are 1253 animals and birds captivity belonging to 124 species. Most of the inmates live in open, large moated areas surrounded by natural vegetation. This gives them a feeling of living close to their natural habitat. The mission of Nandankanan Zoological Park is to; achieve the distinction of an Outstanding Zoo through World Class Conservation, Education, Research and Exciting visitor experiences by connecting people to wildlife and biodiversity conservation.
Nandankanan Biological Park is one of the finest large Zoo of India located amidst a beautiful natural setting. Unlike conventional zoos, it spreads over vast 4.00 Sq.Km of undulating topography with natural moist deciduous forest, water bodies and other natural features that provides the zoo inhabitants an appropriate ambience to live in harmony with the nature. It was dedicated to the public on 29th December 1960. It is having a state of art Aquarium and a Botanical garden as an integral part of it. More than 1.6 million visitors visit the zoo every year. There are 1253 animals and birds captivity belonging to 124 species. Most of the inmates live in open, large moated areas surrounded by natural vegetation. This gives them a feeling of living close to their natural habitat. The mission of Nandankanan Zoological Park is to; achieve the distinction of an Outstanding Zoo through World Class Conservation, Education, Research and Exciting visitor experiences by connecting people to wildlife and biodiversity conservation.

Madhav National Park

Madhav National Park is situated in Shivpuri district of Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh.Set up in 1959 this park is spread over an area of 354 sq km and has a varied terrain of forested hills and flat grasslands.The predominant wildlife of the park includes the deer of which the most easily sighted are the graceful little chinkara or Indian gazelle and the chital. Other species that inhabit the park are nilgai, sambar, chausingha or four -horned antelope, black buck, sloth bear, leopard and the common langur.
The artificial lake Chandpata is the winter home to many migratory birds.Chandpata was actually a dam built by the Scindia rulers who treated Shivpuri as their summer capital.In the boat club on the lake one can easily hear the continuous raag of the jhingur interspersed with the occasional call of the owl. This National Park has a varied terrain of forested hills and flat grasslands around the lake. It is very rich in Biodiversity.
Early morning drives through the forest takes one to a meeting with the tigers.They live in a 10 km enclosure and usually know when food is being served. There are so many hundreds of chinkara and cheetal inside the park that it almost seems overpopulated.

B.R Hills

The Biligirirangan hills meaning White Mountains in Kannada popularly known as B.R Hills in Chamarajnagar district near Bangalore are named after weather -beaten white granite cliff faces the area. Located at a height of 3,350 to 5000 ft above sea-level, this sanctuary was established in 1974.
The wooded valleys and streams provide a soothing backdrop while the high altitude and rounding forest give this area a unique blend of a wildlife sanctuary set amid a hill station. The drive to B.R Hills is itself picturesque with short roads flanked by lots of greenery meandering up to the hill.
The facilities include a jeep safari, trekking with a guide and elephant rides. Being in the heart of the forest without any fencing one can enjoy the true feel of the jungle. The jungle has a rich variety of flora and fauna. The hills are every bird lover's haven. There are different kinds of water birds like grebes, teals, ibis, herons and storks. The mammals seen here include the jungle cat, jackal, barking deer and mongoose.Gaur, sambar and chital too are sighted. Leopards and tigers inhibit these forests and if you are lucky you could actually spot one on the safari.



Please do leave comments!!! they work as a booster for me.. and this is only.return which i get for my efforts...thanks

TATR conservation Project

Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve (TATR) is one of the prime tiger
reserves in central India, which falls under the level – III of the Tiger Conservation Unit
(TCU) – 44. Community Leadership for Tiger Conservation – Tadoba Andhari Tiger
Reserve is a one-year pilot project to build a long-term intensive field conservation
program to conserve tigers and their prey base.
During the reporting period the project leaders carried out field monitoring, long-term
consolidation of the reserve, mobilizing community support and improving of protection
system activities. Field and logistical support was also provided to the Wildlife
Conservation Society, India Program research team during their line transect and Sign
Encounter surveys in Central India (Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve and Melghat Tiger
In pursuance of the proposed voluntary resettlement project, the project leaders held 14
formal and informal meetings with the villagers to address their apprehensions about
rehabilitation. Meetings have decreased in the 3rd and 4th quarter as the package for the
villagers to be relocated is not clear and it has been decided that till the collector does
this, the project leaders will not comment on this to the villagers.
One field staff has been having informal meetings with the villagers on a bi weekly basis
through out.
The project leaders have visited the relocation site 6 times while the field staff have been
there 29 times to keep track of the clear felling and the demarcation of the plots being doe
there.
10 formal meetings with senior officials and irrigation departments, State and district
administration, electricity board and other governmental agencies were held in
connection with the rehabilitation project to ensure formulation of a proper incentive
driven resettlement plan. Posting of the right officer at the right place has facilitated the
project. It is due to the 11 meetings of the project leaders with the Principle Secretary, 3
with the Deputy Secretary, Revenue & Forest, 4 with the Secretary to the Governor, and
2 with His Excellency, The Governor of Maharashtra, that the prevailing confusion at the
collector level about the quantum of land to be given to the landless laborers and the
landlords has been cleared and notified in a new Government Resolution.
The project leaders have been got the posting of the officer who had started the relocation
project initially as the main Project authority. This has got momentum to the relocation
project going, as this officer was instrumental in starting this project when he was
Conservator Of Forest, Nagpur.
Monitoring activities
The project leaders continued their conversation monitoring activities and made 33 field
visits to the reserve during the reporting period. A total of 35 meetings with the field
staff, 30 with the Rangers and 106 meetings with the senior forest department officials at
the District and the State level were held to discuss various conservation issues of the
area.
The project leaders have also mobilized a group of local community volunteers to
monitor illegal activities inside the reserve. Incidences of tree felling, Poaching, cattle
kills and other illegal activities have been reported to the forest department for suitable
action.The project leaders and the field staff assisted the Ranger in an incident where a tigress
with 3 cubs had moved to the periphery of the Tiger Reserve. This had resulted in a
sudden rise in the number of monthly cattle kill cases from 2 to 23 in one village. The field staff assisted the forest department in pacifying the villagers against poisoning these
tigers and organizing beats to move the tigers back into the Reserve.
The field staff of TRACT has helped nab villagers indulging in illegal extraction of
bamboo and timber, and cases have been registered against these villagers.
Improving Protection System –
The Conservator of Forest and Field Director, Tadoba Andhari was not keen on working
in TATR as he wanted to be posted elsewhere. Due to this, his field visits were almost
negligible, and this led to the villagers getting an open field for all illegal extractions.
During his tenure, a number of jaw traps were found laid out in Tadoba range. The
project leaders held 11 meetings with the Principal Secretary- Revenue and Forest, in
Mumbai and finally succeeded in getting a new officer as the Field Director and
Conservator of Forest, TATR.4 articles were generated in the local media through other NGO’s about the state of affairs in TATR while the last Conservator of Forest and Field Director,Tadoba Andhari was in office.

PROBLEMS AND CONSTRAINTS:

The last Conservator of Forest and Field Director, TATR, Anurag Choudhary realized
that the project leaders had been complaining about him, so he created ample problems
for the project leaders whereby he discontinued their occupancy of the two rooms called
‘Chital Shed’. He also issued orders that the rent for these two rooms should be paid as
per the tourist rate and not as per the officials rate which had been allowed till date by the
past officer. The project leaders had to get permission to pay as per officials rate from the
Principal Secretary, Forest and Revenue, Mumbai.
Very soon a new Government Resolution will be passed with the reference of this
project, whereby all researchers working in any sanctuary or tiger reserve in the
State will be allowed to use accommodation in the Reserve or sanctuary at the
official rate.

GOALS / ACTIVITIES FOR NEXT YEAR -:

1. Continue conservation monitoring.
2. Pursue the voluntary rehabilitation project, do a workshop for the officials
concerned and get a commitment from them for finishing of this project
3. Organize another four-day survey for the data collection of the dependency
survey of 4 more peripheral villages.
4. Complete the GPS mapping of the physical features of TATR.
5. Do GPS mapping of the illegal extraction in TATR as per the data collected by
the daily monitoring of our field staff.
6. Assist WCS – India research team in carrying out biological monitoring of tiger
and prey populations.
7. Motivating the field staff by organizing the TRACT Awards ceremony, and by
giving them incentives.
8. Conduct wildlife educational activities in the peripheral villages and those inside
the reserves.

For more information visit:
http://www.savetadoba.org/


Please do leave comments.....

Ad

save

save

Search on net

Tigers

Popular Posts

Tiger

Tiger

Tiger

Tiger

Contact me

For Feedback and queries or any suggestions contact me at:

manikarpan19@gmail.com

or

www.facebook.com/arpanjotsingh

There was an error in this gadget

Followers

Save Tigers